Gruenfeld Chess Defense

The Gruenfeld-Indian (Greenfield) Chess Defense belongs to the closed games and is named after grandmaster Ernst Gruenfeld, who was a professional player 1919.

The Gruenfeld begins with 1.d2-d4 Sg8-f6 2.c2-c4 g7-g6 3.Sb1-c3 d7-d5

chess opening moves

The Gruenfeld Defense is still popular and was played by many famous players like Viktor Korchnoi, Vasily Smyslov, Bobby Fischer and Garry Kasparov.

The famous game of Donald Byrne - Bobby Fischer, called - Game of the Century! - was played with the Gruenfeld Defense.

The Main Variation is the Exchange Variation 1.d2-d4 Sg8-f6 2.c2-c4 g7-g6 3.Sb1-c3 d7-d5 4.c4xd5 Sf6xd5 5.e2-e4 Sd5xc3 6.b2xc3 Lf8-g7 See below

greenfield defense

White created a mighty pawn formation in the center and has space advantage. Black has to attack and undermine this white pawn structure. On the queenside Black has a pawn majority of two pawns against one white pawn and could create a passed pawn in the endgame. This opening leads to a game with lots of tactical chances for both sides.

The Modern Variation continues 7. Sg1-f3 c7-c5 8. Ta1-b1
Classical Variation 7. Lf1-c4 c7-c5 8. Sg1-e2 c5xd4 9. c3xd4 Sb8-c6 10. Lc1-e3 0-0 11. 0-0
or 7. Lf1-c4 c7-c5 8. Sg1-e2 0-0 9. 0-0 Sc6 10. Lc1-e3 Lg4 11. f2-f3 Sc6-a5 12. Lc4xf7+ match Karpow-Kasparow 1987

Bobby Fischer played a different set up where he puts his queen to c7 and the rook to d8. (from Smyslow) 10. Lc1-e3 Dd8-c7 11. Ta1-c1 Tf8-d8

Replay Games of the Gruenfeld Defense


Press F-Key (or click e7 or d2 on top) = Flip Board
Back to - Chess Openings
Go from - Gruenfeld Chess Defense - to - Chess Strategies - Home

Privacy Policy   About Me/Disclosure  Contact Me
Disclaimer  Donate    Write for Us!
Search my Site  Subscribe   Google
© 2008-
The coupon called ‘aday’ gives you a 40% discount on all GM Igor Smirnov's Chess Courses!
Main Package by GM Smirnov
With the package, the students can buy a lot of products simultaneously with a very big discount. Indeed, the biggest discount exists on this package product. The price of the package is 1240 USD and, after the huge discount, the final price is only 849 USD. In the light of that, the students can save 391 USD, which is more than 30%.
Get the MAIN Package!

Use coupon called ‘aday’ to get a 40% discount!

Beginner Package
(3 in 1)
Quick Jump Package gives you a solid foundation.
You save $50.-

Get Beginners Package

Use coupon called ‘aday’ to get a 40% discount!

Become a member at!

Get Grandmaster Igor Smirnov's HIGH QUALITY Chess Courses!

7 Keys to Victory

Most successful opening for Black

-Top Chess Shop!-