How to "analyze" enemy moves?
Someone said you must know what the enemy thinking, Yeah, By looking at their information and such.
My question is how to examine enemy movement quickly? I don't want to stay too long because just need to 'predict' enemy moves.
I often lose to my friend just because "I don't see that coming"
- How to see enemy strategy quickly?
- How to know what is enemy thinking/strategies?
- Is this really necessary?
this is a very complex question.
Understand the last Move
Mainly you observe the last move of your opponent and try to figure out what he wants.
Forget about the opponent but LOOK AT THE BOARD.
The Position contains everything
The position itself contains all you need to know.
If you understand the position then you understand the game and you understand your opponent.
Increase your awareness in chess and learn little but important chess ideas, chess concepts and right chess thinking. This has nothing to do with the opponent.
Work out and understand the Position
For example he might move his knight to a specific square close to your king and this strong knight will form the base for a future dangerous attack that is about to come soon if you don't stop additional pieces from penetrating to your king side. Most of the time you attack and eliminate this knight or chase it away.
Situations like this occur all the time. Always make sure you understand your opponents last move.
REDUCE Activity Levels
Try to restrict the activity levels of the opponent's pieces. If his pieces can go to strong squares try to protect these squares beforehand.
You have to think ahead. If you don't, you get overrun quickly.
INCREASE Activity Levels
Keep improving the activity levels of each of your own pieces. Look which piece of yours is badly placed and move it to a more active square towards the center. There are many little chess ideas you have to apply. These small advantages will accumulate and help you to get the better position in the long run.
Soon you will discover that your position is more active than your opponents position. Then the time is ready to look for combinations that win material or will start a deadly attack at the king side.
How to analyze Moves?
I give you examples below:
White moves. He trades pawns (axb) here because Black has to capture AWAY from the center. This will remove the black c6-pawn and the white bishop-g2 becomes MORE ACTIVE in the LONG RUN as it hits right through to a8.
Furthermore the a-file will open up and the black a-pawn will be attacked by the white rook. This means the a-pawn BECOMES WEAK and has to be constantly protected by Black's pieces in the future. This will reduce the flexibility of Blacks pieces.
Black moves and retreats his bishop of course, but to g5. (...Bg5) Why?
Reason: Black wants to trade his INACTIVE bishop for the ACTIVE bishop from White.
Why is Blacks bishop INACTIVE? The black center pawns are sitting on BLACK squares (e5,d6) This reduces the power level of Black's bishop. The white bishop on e3 is ACTIVE because the white center pawns are sitting on white squares (f3, e4, d5) but the white bishop moves on black squares so he is not blocked by his own pawns.
This means that White's bishop-e3 is a GOOD bishop. And Black's bishop-h4 is a BAD bishop. That's why Black tries to trade his BAD bishop for the GOOD bishop and plays ...Bg5. This is good business, to trade something that is bad for something that is good.
Black moves and wants to WEAKEN the white kingside. He gives a check ...Bh4+ to PROVOKE the weakening move g3. After that the bishop retreats of course, but the weakened pawn structure at the white kingside remains PERMANENT.
White moves and foresees that a black knight will penetrate to d4 sooner or later, so he stops this idea and plays his c-pawn to c3 to control the vital center square d4.
Always attack, trade or dissolve structures that have already advanced into your territory. The white pawn d5 is an advanced stronghold and it should be attacked and traded versus the black c-pawn because the c-pawn is not doing anything (unemployed). This will open up the c-file and your queen can go to b6 if necessary.
White pushes his e-pawn to e5 to BLOCK and REDUCE the activity level of the black bishop-g7. It is locked in then and he will be inactive along the diagonal a1-h8 as he cannot jump over the e-pawn. Simple as that...
White moves and plays Be3, this wins a knight because Black cannot protect the knight one more time. Why? The reason is that White has played e5 a few moves before and this has locked in the black bishop that would otherwise protect the black knight at d4. Can you see now that each little move is vital for success. If White would not have pushed the e-pawn to e5 a few moves earlier to block the black bishop-g7 then this move Be3 would not be winning a piece.
White CHASES away the centralized black knight and plays f4. This will reduce the power of the black knight somewhat but White can also play e5 after this to lock in the bishop at g7 AND increase the power of the white bishop at g2 which will hit right through to a8!
White attacks the bishop playing h3. Now Black has to retreat his bishop or trade it for a knight which is not good because bishops are slightly better in open positions than knights. If Black trades his bishop for a knight than White should be happy.
White moves. His bishop-c1 is locked in by the knight so he should play his knight to c4. After that his bishop can move out if desired. A knight at c4 is well placed in the center as it can retreat to the center square e3 if attacked from where it controls the vital center square d5.
White moves and retreats his knight to e3 (Ne3) from where it controls d5.
White moves and goes into the center again playing knight to c4 (Nc4) where it is actively placed. It might retreat to e3 if attacked.
White moves and plays his knight to the top center square d5. (Nd5) This is a DREAM position for a knight. It attacks the queen also but this is of minor importance. We want to IMPROVE the knight and that's it. The opponent is not stupid and will just move away with his queen.
Black moves and plays his badly placed knight right into the center Nc5. Now White has something to think about because it is not advisable to trade BISHOP FOR KNIGHT. Then the white bishop would disappear and the BLACK squares would become WEAK.
White retreats his knight to the best square in this particular situation and plays Ne3. From there it could go to d5 later on.
White has to move his knight and goes to f4 because this is a WEAK square and the knight is sitting near the enemy king which is quite dangerous.
White recaptures now with his queen (QxB) because to make room for his rook to go to d1. This rook will control the OPEN d-file later on.
White makes the USEFUL move Re1. The rook will work along the e-file which might be opened later on. The rook has an eye on the black e5-pawn in case Black pushes his d-pawn ahead. (...d5) After this White would trade pawns (exd) and the rook will become active and attacks the black e5-pawn.
I hope this helps.