by Graham Harrison
when a pawn is promoted to a Queen, is the Queen placed where the pawn was promoted or is it placed on its original square?
when a pawn is promoted to a Queen the Queen is placed on the same square on which the pawn was promoted. See below.
Pawn Promotion - White moves
In the position below White simply moves the pawn ahead 1.e7 and Black has no way of stopping pawn promotion.
If Black moves his knight away then the pawn will promote on the square e8.
If Black moves his bishop to f7 (1.e7 Bf7) to stop the pawn to promote on e8 then the pawn will capture the knight and promotes at the same time on f8.
In this case you place a Queen on f8 and win easily.
Pawn promotes to a Knight
White moves his pawn to e8 (1.e8N+) and promotes his pawn to a Knight and gives a check at the same time, the King and Queen are forked.
The black king will be in check and must move away and after that the white knight will capture the black queen and wins the endgame after that, being two pawns up.
If he would promote his pawn to a queen as usual he would not win the game, because Black is a piece up. The game would be even as White has two pawns for the bishop.
How a Pawn moves
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