Zugzwang in Chess

Zugzwang (ZGZW) is a German word which means "forced to move".
"Zug" = Move "Zwang" = to be forced

ZGZW is a situation, where a player has to make a move because it's his turn. He would prefer not to make the move as this move will worsen his position, but he has to, as the chess rules require him to make the move. He is forced to move.

There are positions in chess, mostly in the endgame, where a move can seriously ruin your position and you lose. To be forced to move can change the outcome of the game from a win to a draw or from a draw to a loss.


See above - If White must move then he is in "ZGZW" because the game is drawn as Black keeps the opposition.

1.Kf4 Kf6 2.Ke4 Ke6 To proceed White must finally move ahead the pawn and will end in a stalemate.(see next diagram)

If Black must move, he is going to lose the game. 1...Kf6 2.Kd5 and White will eventually promote the pawn into a queen. etc. The outcome of the game for Black changed from a draw to a loss because of "ZGZW".


See above - If White must move, he will win the game as the black king must move away and White finally promotes the pawn into a queen. 1.Kf6 Kd7 2.Kf7 etc.

See above - If Black must move, he is in "ZGZW" and it is stalemate, because the king can't go anywhere. "ZGZW" saves Black as the game is drawn.


See above - If White must move, he is in "ZGZW" and the game is stalemate after 1.Ke6 as the black king can't move anywhere.

If Black must move, he is in "ZGZW". In this case he is going to lose. 1...Kd7 2.Kf7 and the pawn promotes into a queen.

Go from - Zugzwang to - Basic Chess Rules
Go to - Chess Strategies - Home

Privacy Policy   About Me/Disclosure  Contact Me
Disclaimer  Donate    Write for Us!
Search my Site  Subscribe   Google
© 2008- www.Expert-Chess-Strategies.com

World Chess Championship 2018 Match - Carlsen vs Caruana - Replay games!

The coupon called ‘aday’ gives you a 40% discount on all GM Igor Smirnov's Chess Courses!

Main Package by GM Smirnov
With the package, the students can buy a lot of products simultaneously with a very big discount. Indeed, the biggest discount exists on this package product. The price of the package is 1240 USD and, after the huge discount, the final price is only 849 USD. In the light of that, the students can save 391 USD, which is more than 30%.
Get the MAIN Package!

Use coupon called ‘aday’ to get a 40% discount!

Beginner Package
(3 in 1)
Quick Jump Package gives you a solid foundation.
You save $50.-

Get Beginners Package

Use coupon called ‘aday’ to get a 40% discount!

Become a member at Chess.com!

Get Grandmaster Igor Smirnov's HIGH QUALITY Chess Courses!

7 Keys to Victory

Most successful opening for Black

-Top Chess Shop!-