Jose Capablanca
Tribute to a great Chess Player

Jose Raoul Capablanca was born 19. November 1888 in Havanna, Cuba. He was a chess prodigy, learned chess when he was 4 years old and played excellent games while he was still young.

When he was 12 years of age he played a match against the national champion of Cuba, Juan Corzo y Príncipe and won it 4/3 with 6 draws. Later on he studied chemistry and sports at the Columbia University in New York.

capablanca

In 1909 he won a match against the leading american master Frank Marshall, 8 wins, 1 loss and 14 draws. In 1911 he became known worldwide when he won the tournament in San Sebastian in which famous chessmasters participated like Akiba Rubinstein, Milan Vidmar and Carl Schlechter. He worked as a diplomat for Cuba 1913 but had plenty of time to pursue his chess career as well.

capablanca
This is the score sheet of Capablanca's defeat by Richard Réti in the New York 1924 chess tournament, his first loss in eight years
    1913
  • Championship of New York City - first place.
  • International Tournament in Havanna he came second place.
  • Rice Memorial New York City - first place.
  • 1914
  • In the famous tournament in St.Petersburg in May 1914, he came second place behind the world champion Emanuel Lasker.
  • 1915
  • Championship of New York City - first place.
  • 1916
  • Rice Memorial New York City - first place.
  • 1918
  • Manhattan tournament New York City - first place.
  • 1919
  • Match against Boris Kostić - "Capa" wins 5/0
  • International tournament in Hastings - first place
  • 1921
  • Jose became world champion in beating Emanuel Lasker with 4 wins, 10 draws, no losses.
  • 1922
  • International tournament in London - first place
  • 1924
  • International tournament in New York City - second place
Other well-played tournaments followed.
1927
He lost his title in 1927 in Buenos Aires to Alexander Aljechin scoring 3 wins, 6 losses and 25 draws. There was no return match as Aljechin found reasons to avoid it.

capablanca

A.Aljechin-J.Capablanca (right) 1927

1936
"Capa" won strong tournaments in 1936 in Moskow and Nottingham.



He was often called "the chess machine", as he played very solid and precise and simplified the position when he had a slight edge. Especially in endgames his playing style appeared simple and strong and he hardly made any mistakes. His highest "historical rating" was 2877 ELO in May 1921 after he became worldchampion. Some say he was the strongest chess player ever...


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