The English Opening is a flank opening and belongs to the closed chess opening systems. It is recommended for the experienced positional chess player.
The English starts with 1.c4 which is the fourth popular opening move. The aim is to control the center square d5. See below
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The English is named after the English grandmaster Howard Staunton. He played it 1843 in his match with Saint-Amant and in the first international tournament in London 1851. Howard Staunton researched and developed this opening and played it on a regular basis.
English is a very flexible opening which can transpose into other openings like Queens-Gambit, Gruenfeld and Kings-Indian.
With his first move 1.c4 White controls the center square d5. The English chess opening is solid and has a good reputation. It was played in various world championship matches by Botvinnik, Bobby Fischer, Karpov and Kasparov. Nowadays it is quite popular and often played.Main Lines are: